Meconium pseudocyst revisited
Keywords:Meconium pseudocyst, Peritonitis, Intrauterine perforation, Perforation
Meconium peritonitis is defined as a sterile chemical or foreign-body peritonitis that is caused by escape of meconium from the intestinal tract into the peritoneal cavity during the fetal or perinatal period. Although meconium peritonitis is indicative of intrauterine perforation of the intestine, it may occur as early as the 4th to 6th month of INTRA NATAL life and as late as several hours after birth. It can be classified into three pathological variations: fibro-adhesive; cystic and generalized. The cystic type has a meconium filled pseudocyst that may rupture in the peritoneal cavity. Intra-abdominal calcification is pathognomonic for the diagnosis. Here, author reported a classical case of meconium peritonitis with pseudocyst formation, which was treated successfully conservatively.
Lorimer WS, Ellis DG. Meconium peritonitis. Surg. 1966;60:470-475.
Foster MA, Nyberg DA, Mahony BS, Mack LA, Marks WM, Raabe RD. Meconium peritonitis: Prenatal sonographic findings and their clinical significance. Radiol. 1987;165:661 5.
Zerhouni S, Mayer C, Skarsgard ED. Can we select fetuses with intra-abdominal calcification for delivery in neonatal surgical centres?. J Pediatr Surg. 2013;48:946-50.
Zangheri G, Andreani M, Ciriello E, Urban G, Incerti M, Vergani P. Fetal intra-abdominal calcifications from meconium peritonitis: sonographic predictors of postnatal surgery. Prenat Diagn. 2007;27:960-3.
Pelizzo G, Codrich D, Zennaro F, Dell’oste C, Maso G, D’Ottavio G, et al. Prenatal detection of the cystic form of meconium peritonitis: no issues for delayed post-natal surgery. Pediatr Surg Int. 2008;24:1061-5.
Saleh N, Geipel A, Ulrich G, Heep A, Heydweiller A, Bartmann P, et al. Prenatal diagnosis and postnatal management of meconium peritonitis. J Perinat Med. 2009;37: 535-8.
Nam SH, Kim SC, Kim DY, Kim AR, Kim AS, Pi SY, et al. Experience with meconium peritonitis. J Pediatr Surg. 2007;42:1822-5.
Uchida K, Koike Y, Matsushita K, Nagano Y, Hashimoto K, Otake K, et al. Meconium peritonitis: Prenatal diagnosis of a rare entity and postnatal management. Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2015;4:93 7.
Chan KL, Tang MH, Tse HY, Tang RY, Tang PK. Meconium peritonitis: prenatal diagnosis, postnatal management and outcome. Prenat Diagn. 2005;25:676-82.
Nam SH, Kim SC, Kim DY, Kim AR, Kim KS, Pi SY. Experience with meconium peritonitis. J Pediatr Surg. 2007;42(11):1822-5.
Forouhar F. Meconium peritonitis. Pathology, evolution, and diagnosis. Am J Clin Pathol. 1982;78:208-13.
Tibboel D, Gaillard JL, Molenaar JC. The Microscopic type of meconium peritonitis. Z Kinderchir. 1981;34(1):9-16.