DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20161016

A study on knowledge, attitude and practice of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV in adolescent population in Wardha, Maharashtra, India

Manish A. Jain, Shuchi M. Jain, Shubhangi Patil, Akash Bang

Abstract


Background: Adolescent sexuality leads to adolescent pregnancy, unsafe abortion, Reproductive Tract Infections, Sexually transmitted infections and HIV. Over 35% of all reported HIV/AIDS infections in India occur amongst young people 15-24 years age. To study knowledge, attitude and practice regarding this sensitive problem among adolescents, which can help young people, overcome from sexual related problems.

Methods: Systematic random sampling was used to select participants from the schools. 375 students were selected for the study. A predesigned, pre-tested, self-administered multiple response questionnaires was provided to the students.

Results: Regarding knowledge about STDs, 73.9% had heard about HIV and 11.5% about syphilis Genital discharge as a symptom of STD was known to 171 (45.6%) students, genital ulcer was known to 67 (17.9%) students while dysuria was known to 23.2% of students. Nearly 50% of students had knowledge about routes of transmission of HIV. However majority of student had misconceptions regarding transmission of HIV. Males had better knowledge as compared to females regarding vertical and transfusion related transmission.15% accepted that they have used condom in which the proportion of males was higher. The attitude of students about having multiple sexual partners was very casual. Significant proportions (39%) of students also feel that sexual intercourse make them popular.

Conclusions: There was an evident gap between knowledge and practices especially with respect to the sexual practices of youth which needs to be bridged.


Keywords


Adolescent, HIV/AIDS, Sexually transmitted infections

Full Text:

PDF

References


Haffner DW. Facing Facts, Sexual Health for America’s Adolescent. Notable Selections in Human Sexuality, America. 1998.

WHO. Towards Adulthood: Exploring the Sexual and Reproductive Health of Adolescents in South East Asia, Geneva. 2003.

Youth and HIV/AIDS. Can we avoid catastrophe? Population Reports. Johns Hopkins University, Bloomberg School of Public Health Issues in World Health. Series L, No 12. 2001;29:6-13.

Yamuna S. Textbook of Pediatric Infectious Diseases, Indian academy of pediatrics infectious diseases chapter, sexually transmitted diseases in adolescents. 507-515.

UN Inter Agency working group on Population and Development (IAWG-P&D). ‘Adolescents in India: A Profile. 1999-2000.

Lal P, Nath A, Bandhan S, Ingle GK. A study of awareness about HIV/AIDS among senior secondary school children of Delhi. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 2008;33(3):190-2.

Government of India, New Delhi. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3) 2005-06. 2007.

Pinto RM. HIV prevention for adolescent groups: A six-step approach. Social Work with Groups. 2000;23(3):81-99.

Seth M. Telephonic counselling in selected universities through the Population Education Resource Centres (PERCs). UNFPA, New Delhi.

Kotecha PV, Patel SV, Mazumdar VS, Baxi RK, Misra S, Diwanji M, et al. Reproductive health awareness among urban school going adolescents in Vadodara city, Indian Journal of Psychiatry. 2012;54(4):344-8.

Ruikar HA. Knowledge, Attitude and Practices about Sexually Transmitted Infections- A Study on Undergraduate College Students of Mumbai. Web med Central Reproduction. 2013;4(3):WMC004166.

Tyden T, Norden L, Ruusuvaara L. Swedish Students' Knowledge of Sexually Transmitted Diseases and their Attitudes to the condom. Midwifery. 1991;7:25-30.

Andersson-Ellström A, Forssman L. Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Knowledge and Attitudes among Young people. Journal of Adolesc Health. 1991;12:72-6.

Garside R, Ayres R, Owen M, Pearson VAH, Roizen J. They never tell you about the consequences: young people's awareness of sexually transmitted infections. International Journal of STD & AIDS. 2001;12:582-8.

Fogarty J. Knowledge about AIDS among leaving certificate students. Irish Med Journal. 1990;83:19-21.

Gottvalli M, Larsson M, Högkund AT, Tydén T. High HPV vaccine acceptance despite low awareness among Swedish upper secondary school students. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care. 2009;14:399-405.

Mohammadi MR, Mohammad K, Farahani FKA, Alikhani S, Zare M, Tehrani FR, et al. Reproductive Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviour among Adolescent Males in Tehran, Iran. International Family Planning Perspectives. 2006,32(1):35-44.

Kaur S, Padda AS, Singh T, Deepti SS. Awareness of STDs and HIV/AIDS among the adolescent girls of classes IX-XII in Amritsar, Punjab: An interventional study. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2009;75:519-20.

Tavoosi A, Zaferani A, Ahmadinezhad Z. Knowledge and attitude towards HIV/AIDS among Iranian students. BioMed Central Public health. 2004:4-17.

Sallar AM. Correlates of misperceptions in HIV knowledge and attitude towards People Living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAs) among in-school and out-of-school adolescents in Ghana, Afr Health Sci. 2009;9(2):82-91.

Benera SK, Khalucha RK, Chaudhary BN, Ramaswamy J, Bhattacharya J, Chawala U. AIDS: A Survey of Knowledge, Attitudes and Beliefs of Undergraduates Students of Delhi University. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 1992;17(4):155-9.

Mujumdar R, Ganguli SK. A Study of Adolescent girl in Pune. Health and Population- Perspectives and Issues. 2000;23(2):95-104.

Hansson M, Stockfelt L, Urazalin M, Ahlm C, Andersson R. HIV/AIDS awareness and risk behavior among students in Semey, Kazakhstan: a cross-sectional survey, BMC Int Health Hum Rights. 2008;8:14.

Bobhate PS, Shrivastava SR. A Cross Sectional Study of Knowledge and Practices about Reproductive Health among Female Adolescents in An Urban Slum of Mumbai. Journal of Family and Reproductive Health 2011;5(4):118-24.