DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20190705

Neonatal sepsis due to coagulase negative Staphylococci: a study from Kashmir valley, India

Asifa Nazir

Abstract


Background: Neonatal sepsis is a leading cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity. Early diagnosis and treatment with appropriate antibiotics are important to improve the prognosis of neonatal sepsis. Coagulase-negative Staphylococci (CoNS) have emerged as prominent pathogens in the neonatal intensive care unit. These infections are rarely fatal, but they cause significant morbidity, especially among very low birth weight infants. This study was done to know the prevalence of Coagulase-negative Staphylococci in neonatal sepsis and to determine their antibiotic susceptibility pattern.

Methods: A prospective study was conducted on blood samples of suspected neonatal septicaemia between August 2017 and May 2018 received at Department of Microbiology, Government Medical College, Srinagar. Blood culture was done by automated blood culture system, (BacT/Alert) and identification and antibiotic susceptibility was done by VITEK2 method.

Results: Out of 356 neonates screened, there were 185 (53.4%) positive blood cultures. Among the culture positive cases, 107 (57.83%) were male and 78 (42.16%) were female. Early Onset Septicaemia cases (130 [70.27%]) were found to be three times higher than late onset Septicaemia (55 [29.72%]). Coagulase-negative Staphylococci (CoNs) (30.27%) were the most common organisms isolated followed by Acinetobacter sp (15.1%), Klebsiella sp (5.4%) S. aureus (4.8%) and E. coli (4.8%). All the isolates of CoNS were sensitive to linezolid and vancomycin and tigecycline. Methicillin resistance was seen in 84% isolates.

Conclusions: Present study highlights the emergence of Coagulase-negative Staphylococci (CoNS) as predominant cause of neonatal septicaemia. Most of the isolates were resistant to methicillin which is alarming and a cause for concern.


Keywords


Antibiotic susceptibility, Blood culture, Coagulase negative Staphylococci (CoNS), Neonatal sepsis

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