DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20183369

Study of serum IgE levels in childhood asthma in Barabanki region, India

Ekansh Rathoria, Utkarsh Bansal, Abhishek Gupta, Nyay Bhai Gupta, Ravindra Ahuja, Richa Rathoria

Abstract


Background: Elevated Serum Immunoglobulin E (IgE) levels are characteristic of most of the allergic diseases including asthma. Most of the asthma patients are allergic to inhaled antigens and chemical antigens, which lead to their sensitization and induce a state of hypersensitivity that is IgE mediated hypersensitivity reaction. The aim of this study was to estimate and compare serum IgE levels in childhood asthmatics and in normal subjects and to obtain the relationship between serum IgE levels and severity of asthma.

Methods: A stratified sample of 58 patients within the age group of 5-15 years including 36 male and 22 female asthmatic patients and 58 healthy controls within the same age group were included in this study and classified according to GINA classification 2016. Serum IgE levels were estimated by using ELISA kit.

Results: Mean IgE levels ranged from 163.82 IU/mL in normal subjects to 881.81 IU/mL in asthmatics. The mean values of Serum IgE levels in mild, moderate and severe asthmatic children were 625.25 IU/mL, 871.77 IU/mL, 1225.05 IU/mL respectively.

Conclusions: High Serum Immunoglobulin E levels were found in childhood asthmatics as compared to normal subjects. Serum IgE levels were found to increase as the severity of asthma increased. The variability in each grade of asthma was very large so we could not find any statistically significant correlation.


Keywords


Allergy, Bronchial asthma, Immunoglobulin E

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