Study of common dermatoses in school children of rural area of Dakshina Kannada district, India: a cross-sectional study


  • Shreekrishna G. N. Department of Pediatrics, A. J. Institute of Medical Sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, India
  • Sinchana Bhat Department of Pediatrics, A. J. Institute of Medical Sciences, Mangalore, Karnataka, India



Rural, School children, Skin diseases


Background: Prevalence of skin diseases amongst children of a community is an indicator   of health and personal hygiene of a society. School children are more prone for skin infections and majority of them are preventable. Present study aimed to find the common dermatoses in school children of rural area.

Methods: This was a cross sectional study conducted among 400 children from three randomly selected schools. Socio-demographic data was collected using a pretested semi structured questionnaire and skin conditions were identified by examination.

Results: Out of the total 400 children, 224 (56%) were boys and 176 (44%) were girls. The overall prevalence of skin conditions was 222 (55.5%). Majority (27.5%) had fungal infection, 15% had bacterial infection, 10% had parasitic infection and 3 % had viral infection.

Conclusions: Prevalence of skin infections is high in present study, hence creating awareness about personal hygiene among parents, children and teachers is the need of the hour.


Skin diseases among school children-can research lead to action and policy. Available at: articles/01-Editorial.pdf

Komba EV, Mgonda YN. The spectrum of dermatological disorders among primary school children in Dar es Salaam. BMC Public Health. 2010;10:765-70.

Epidemiology and management of common skin diseases in children in developing countries. Available at:

Balai M, Khare AK, Gupta LK, Mittal A, Kuldeep CM. Pattern of paediatric dermatoses in a tertiary care centre of South West Rajasthan. Indian J Dermatol. 2012;57:275‑8.

El‑Khateeb EA, Lotfi RA, Abd Elaziz KM, El‑Shiekh SE. Prevalences of skin diseases among primary schoolchildren in Damietta, Egypt. Int J Dermatol. 2014;53:609‑16.

Epidemiology and management of Common Skin Diseases in Children in Developing Countries WHO_FCH_CAH_05.12. Available at:;jsessionid=C236A721311B334EB6362656C901F3D1?sequence=1

Bhatia V. Extent and pattern of paediatric dermatoses in rural areas of central India. Indian J Dermatol Venereal Leprol. 1997;63:22‑5.

Janaki M, Jaiganesh DJ, Rajendran AK, Anitha R. Prevalence of skin diseases among government primary school children in Pulianthope zone, Chennai, India. Int J Recent Trends Sci Tech. 2013;9(2):182-5.

Valia RG, Valia AR, editors. IADVL Textbook and Atlas of Dermatology. Mumbai: Bhalani Publishing House; 1994;1.

Inanir I, Sahin MT, Gunduz K, Dinc G, Turel A, Ozturkcan S. Prevalence of skin conditions in primary school children in Turkey: differences based on socioeconomic factors. Pediatric Dermatol. 2002;19(4):307-11.

Villa LK, Krishna G. Epidemiology and prevalence of dermatological diseases among schoolchildren of Medak district, Telangana-a clinical survey. Int J Med Sci Public Health. 2016;5:1475-8.

Shrestha R, Shrestha D, Dhakal AK, Shakya A, Shah SC, Shakya H. Spectrum of paediatric dermatoses in tertiary care centre in Nepal. Nepal Med Coll J. 2012;14(2):146-8.

Rotti SB, Prabhu GD, Rao GV. Prevalence of scabies among school children in a rural block of coastal Karnataka. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 1985;51(1):35-7.

Rao SG, Kumar P, Kuruvilla M. Prevalence of various dermatoses in school children. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol .1999;65:126-7.

Patel JK, Vyas AP, Berman B, Vierra M. Incidence of childhood dermatoses in India. Skinmed. 2010;8(3):136-42.






Original Research Articles