The rate and indication of caesarean section in a tertiary care teaching hospital eastern India

Ratan Kumar Das, K. Trimal Subudhi, Ranjan Kumar Mohanty


Background: Caesarean section is one of the most widely performed surgical procedures in obstetrics worldwide. It was mainly evolved as a lifesaving procedure for mother and foetus during the difficult delivery. To analyze the rate and indications for C-Section and associated maternal morbidity and mortality were the main objectives of present study.

Methods: This retrospective study was conducted over a period of one year from 1st May 2017 to 30th April 2018 at the Department of Pediatrics and OBG, IMS & SUM Medical college and Hospital, Bhubaneswar (Odisha), eastern India. Data of Patients who delivered by C-Section in our hospital during the defined study period was recorded and a statistical analysis of various parameters namely, the caesarean section rates, its indications, the patient’s morbidity and mortality was done.

Results: The total numbers of women delivered over the study period were 1619, out of which C-Sections were 574.The overall CS rate was 35.45%. Previous LSCS was the leading indication to the CS rate (29.96%) followed by arrest of labour (13.94%), CPD (11.84%), foetal distress (10.97%), breech presentation (5.74%), oligohydroaminous/IUGR (5.21%), failed induction of labour (5.21%), pregnancy induced hypertension(PIH) (4.87%) and multifetal gestation (3.84%), prematurity (3.31%). 12.01% patients had various complications mainly infection (6.27%) and hemorrhage (3.48%). There was no mortality during this period.

Conclusions: Being a tertiary care hospital, a high rate of Caesarean deliveries was observed, Individualization of the indication and careful evaluation, following standardized guidelines, practice of evidenced-based obstetrics and audits in the institution, can help us limit CSR.


Caesarean section, Caesarean rates, Indications of CS

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