DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20182532

A cross sectional study of fasting and post prandial insulin level as a predictor of insulin resistance with hyperinsulinemia with HOMA-IR >2.5 among overweight and obese prepubertal children in a tertiary care Hospital of Bangalore, India

Sujith K. R., Kiran Raj H.

Abstract


Background: Overweight and obesity has reached epidemic proportions in developed countries and is rapidly increasing. The proportion of children in the general population who are overweight and obese has doubled over the past two decades in developed and developing countries including India and have a rising prevalence of diabetes. Insulin resistance if detected early, we can intervene early to slow or halt the progression of the associated co morbidities. Dynamic phase of juvenile obesity is initially characterized by an abnormal postprandial profile of plasma insulin, even when fasting insulin levels are still normal and insulin sensitivity is slightly increased. Objective of present study was to find out the occurrence of hyperinsulinemia and Insulin Resistance Markers among   overweight and obese children between 7 to 11 years.

Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out in the Bangalore Baptist Hospital, Hebbal, Bangalore from September 2013 to May 2014. Children in the age group of 7 to 11 years who are overweight or obese admitted in the as per WHO Growth Charts were included in the study.A total of 51 Cases were included.

Results: In present study the 21 (41.2%) of the study subjects were classified as Overweight and 30 (58.8%) were Obese. The association between level of HOMA-IR and the study variables like age, weight, Height, BMI, FBS, PPBS were found to not significant statistically with p value being more than 0.5. The Pearson Corelation between HOMA-IR and Fasting Blood Glucose, Post Prandial Blood Glucose level, Fasting Basal Insulin Level and Post Prandial Basal Insulin Level were found to statistically significant.

Conclusions: Hyperinsulinism and insulin resistance is a concern not only in obese but also in overweight children as shown by the occurrence of insulin resistance.


Keywords


Adoloscents, Hyperinsulinemia, Insulin resistance, Obese, Overweight

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References


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