Assessment of incidence, determinants and co-morbidities associated with meconium aspiration syndrome: a hospital based study

Suhaim Afsar, Naresh P. Motwani, Sudhakar C., Uma Chaturvedi


Background:Meconium aspiration syndrome (MAS) was found to be major contributing factor towards perinatal morbidity and mortality. This condition is mainly accompanied with respiratory failure, pulmonary air leaks and pulmonary hypertension in neonates. A conservative approach of obstetrician-paediatrician combination moderates incidence of MAS and its complications. The objective of the study was to determine the incidence, determinants and co-morbidities associated with MAS in both intramural and out born admitted to the NICU and SNICU of a Chandulal Chandrakar memorial hospital located in Bhilai, Chattisgarh, India.

Methods: This was a prospective study conducted in Chandulal Chandrakar memorial hospital, Bhilai from 1st September 2013 to 31st February 2015, in newborns with history of meconium stained amniotic fluid (MSAF) in both out-born and inborn units. Neonates who met inclusion criteria they were included in the study. The data were recorded in predesigned proforma. The data was analyzed using Chi square test. Level of significance of this data was set at p <0.05.

Results:Incidence of MSAF in the in-born and out-born among all children admitted was 52.4% and 47.5% respectively. Out of total 202 subjects of MSAF, those with MAS were 29.7% and of these 75% were inborn and 25% were out-born. Male preponderance was high in the study compared to female babies. Incidence of MAS was significantly more in children of >2.5 kgs (80%) and common in primiparous mothers (60%) with lower segmental caesarian sections. MAS commonly seen in post -term babies (53.33%) than those of term (36.66%) or pre-term (10%) gestation. Fetal distress was the common complication observed in most of the cases (91.1%) and one death related to this was noted. At the end of 1 year there were predominantly more children (40%) who developed respiratory morbidities. Delayed development was seen among 13.3% children and transient tone abnormalities were noted in about 2% of infants.

Conclusions:The overall incidence of MAS was found to have been 30% among cases of MSAF, which was relatively higher due to delayed referral. This percentage could have been reduced along with associated co-morbidities with appropriate antenatal check-up’s and timely referral.


MAS, Meconium stained amniotic fluid, Inborn, Out-born

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