Assessment of nutritional status in children using WHO IYCF indicators: an institution based study

Charusheela S. Korday, Ravindra K. Sharma, Sushma Malik


Background: Poor child feeding practices and sub-optimal breastfeeding have a detrimental effect on health of children less than 2 years of age. We studied the breastfeeding as well as the complementary feeding practices in the children <2 years of age in our tertiary institute with the help of the WHO2008 document, Indicators for assessing infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in asymptomatic children (< 2 years), in a tertiary care hospital using a pre-designed, validated WHO questionnaire for information regarding feeding practices.

Results: The mean age in hours, for initiation of breastfeeding after birth was 3.92. Amongst the age group of 4-5 months, 72.9% (51/70) babies were exclusively breastfed and 86% (43/50) of infants aged 6–8 months received appropriate solid, semi-solid or soft food. Breastfeeding was continued in majority of the children in 90% in the age group of 12-15 months. Only 13 (7.5%) of 177 breastfed babies and only 4 (8.5%) out of 47 non-breastfed were receiving Minimal Acceptable Diet in the 6-23 months group.

Conclusions: Although the results for the breastfeeding and weaning indicators were fairly good, there still exists a lack of knowledge about complimentary feeding practices which need to be drastically improved by appropriate health education and dietary advice.


Household roster, IYCF Indicators, Initiation of breastfeeding (IBF) module, Infant and young child feeding (IYCF) module, Malnutrition

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