A prospective observational study of morbidity and mortality profile of neonates admitted in neonatal intensive care unit of secondary care centre in central Maharashtra, India


  • Hemant Adikane Department of Community Medicine, Government Medical College, Gondia, Maharashtra, India
  • Kishor Surwase Medical Officer, District Hospital, Parbhani, Maharashtra, India
  • Vishal Pawar Paediatrician, Women’s Hospital, Parbhani, Maharashtra, India
  • Kalidas Chaudhari Medical superintendent, Women’s Hospital, Parbhani, Maharashtra, India




Neonatal morbidity, Neonatal mortality, Neonatal intensive care unit, Respiratory distress syndrome, Secondary care centre


Background: Globally, 2.6 (2.5-2.8) million newborns died in 2016-i.e. nearly 7,000 every day. Neonatal deaths accounted for 46 % of all under-five deaths, increasing from 41 % in 2000. Five countries accounted for half of all newborn deaths including India. NFHS 4 data suggests that neonatal mortality rate (NMR) declined to 30 deaths per 1,000 live births.

Methods: Present observational study was conducted at district hospital, Parbhani. Study period was Jan 2017 to Dec 2017. All the admitted babies to NICU were included into study. Data was collected by interview method using a predesigned, semi-structured questionnaire. Various morbidities and reasons for mortality were included.

Results: There were total 2471 admission during year of 2017. There was slightly higher admission rate for Males 1432 (57.95%) than females 1039 (42.05%). Pre-term admissions were 501 (20.28%). Majority of admissions were due to low birth weight 1170 (47.35%).

Conclusions: In the year of 2017, total 2472 NICU admissions took place. Out of these, 126 (5.09%) died. Respiratory distress syndrome, low birth weight, birth asphyxia were accounting for mortalities. The neonatal jaundice, preterm and low birth weight babies had significantly high mortality even with standard intensive care.


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