Infant and young child feeding guidelines: awareness amongst mothers and practices followed

Shraddha Dubewar, Sarfaraz Ahmed, Saleem H. Tambe, Arvind Chavan


Background: Globally if the exclusive breast feeding is adopted there is up to 15% reduction in the mortality of under five children. At the same time proper “complementary feeding practices” leads to up to 10% more decrease in the mortality rates. The objective of this study was to study the infant and young child feeding practices among mothers

Methods: This was an observational study, conducted at Aditya Hospital, Hyderabad in the period duration of 2012-2013. All children upto 24 months of life and their mothers were included in the study.

Results: Most common reasons given by the mothers were pain in the stitches and discomfort and anesthesia effect due to lower segment caesarean section (LSCS) (70%). it was found that there was no significant correlation between education status of mother and time of initiation of breast feeding (P=0.6). it was found that there was no statistical significance between giving of pre-lacteals according to educational status of mothers. Almost 60% (n=64) of the mothers were appropriate in starting complementary foods at the age of 6 months.

Conclusions: Women need to be educated separately with knowledge regarding of appropriate feeding practices so that both mothers and babies benefit from it; leading further to a healthy nation.


Breast feeding, Complementary foods, Mother, Practices

Full Text:



Hanson LA. Breastfeeding provides passive and likely long-lasting active immunity. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 1998;81;523-33.

Nanawati RN. Lactation management clinic positive reinforcement to hospital breastfeeding practices. Indian Pediatr. 1994;31:1385-9.

Banapurmath CR, Kumarasamy SM. Breastfeeding and the first breastfeeds, Correlation of Initiation pattern to mode of delivery. Indian Pediatr. 1995;32:1299-1301.

Belavady B, Gopalan C. Chemical composition of human milk in poor Indian women. Indian J Med Res. 1959;47:234-45.

Tiwari BK, Rao VG, Mishra DK, Thakur CSS. Infant feeding practices Among Kol Tribal Community of Madhya Pradesh. Indian J Community Med. 2007;32(3):228.

Ghosh S, Gidwani S, Mittal SK, Verma RK. Socio cultural factors affecting breast feeding and other infant feeding practices in an urban community. Indian Paediatr. 1976;13(11):827-32.

Chhabra P, Grover VL, Aggarwal OP, Dubey KK. Breast feeding patterns in an urban resettlement colony of Delhi. Indian J Pediatr. 1998;65:867-72.

WHO. Indicators for assessing infant and young child feeding practices part 1, part 2, part 3. WHO 2011.

Government of India. National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3), India. Mumbai IIPS. 2005-2006. Available at

Chandrasekhar S, Chakladhar BK, Rao RSP. Infant feeding knowledge and attitudes in a rural area of Karnataka. Indian J Pediatr. 1995;62:707-12.

Ghokale MK, Kanade AN, Rao S, Kelkar RS, Joshi SB, Savi TG. Female literary: the multifactorial influence on child health in India. Ecology Food Nutr. 2004;43(4):257-8.

Kasla RR. Exclusive breastfeeding, protective efficacy. Indian J Pediatr. 1995;62:449-53.

World Health Organisation. Infant feeding: the physiological basis. WHO bulletin; Supplement. 1989;67.