DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20183509

Serum sodium level in dengue infected children: a retrospective study

Reshma Raj, Rashmi Alva

Abstract


Background: Dengue fever is one of the most common arbo virus mediated outbreaks, being reported from different parts of the world. Now as the outbreaks are hitting different geographic locations, different clinical manifestations are being reported recently. Aim of this study is to document the serum Sodium level in dengue infected children in a tertiary care centre.

Methods: A total 128 cases of NS1 antigen, IgM positive or ELISA positive dengue patients were included in this observational study and analyzed.

Results: The serum Sodium level in dengue varies according to the different groups. In group A (dengue with no warning signs) the serum Sodium level was normal, whereas in case of group B (dengue with warning signs), there was significant hyponatremia. In group C, severe dengue the serum Sodium was normal

Conclusions: Mild hyponatremia is a common electrolyte disturbance in patients with dengue with warning signs. Hence, the lower the serum Sodium levels the higher is the incidence of complications associated with dengue fever.


Keywords


Dengue, Dengue shock, Hyponatremia

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References


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