DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20173765

Frequency and pattern of respiratory diseases in children

Urooj Samoo, Shaista Ehsan, Farah Agha

Abstract


Background: Respiratory tract infections are a major cause of   morbidity and mortality in children. Therefore, it is imperative that research studies be conducted to determine the pattern of respiratory diseases in the pediatric age group. Present study was done to determine the outcome, frequency and pattern of respiratory infections in children admitted in a tertiary care hospital.

Methods: This prospective, cross-sectional study was conducted from September 2014 to February 2016. Data was analyzed on SPSS 20.0. P value of <0.05 was observed noteworthy.

Results: A total of 286 children were admitted with respiratory diseases. Out of these there were 180 cases of Pneumonia. Peak occurrence of Pneumonia was observed in first trimester of the year.

Conclusions: Efforts are required to devise strategies to decrease the burden of respiratory diseases in children. 

 

Keywords


Children, Pattern, Respiratory diseases

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bryce J, Boschi-Pinto C, Shibuya K, Black RE. WHO Child Health: Epidemiology Reference Group. WHO estimates of the causes of death in children. Lancet. 2005;365:1147-52.

Akanbi MO, Ukoli CO, Erhabor GE, Akanbi FO, Gordon SB. The burden of respiratory disease in Nigeria. Afri J Resp Med. 2009;4:10-17.

Rudan I, Boschi-pinto C, Biloglav Z, Mulholland K, Campbell H: Epidemiology and etiology of childhood pneumonia. Bull World Health Organ 2008;86:408-16.

DeFrances J, Hall MJ. 2005 National Hospital Discharge Survey, Advance Data No. 385July12, 2007. Available at http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/ad/ad385. pdf

Oguonu T, Ayuk CA, Edelu BO, Ndu IK. Pattern of respiratory diseases in children presenting to the paediatric emergency unit of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu: a case series report. BMC Pulmonary Medic. 2014;14(1):101.

Gordon S, Graham S. Epidemiology of respiratory disease in Malawi. Malawi Med J. 2006;18:134-46.

Ranganathan SC, Sonnappa S. Pneumonia and other respiratory Infections. Pediatr Clin North Am. 2009;56(1):135-56.

Atkinson M, Yanney M, Stephenson T, Smyth A. Effective treatment strategies for paediatric community-acquired pneumonia. Expert Opin Pharmacother. 2007;8(8):1091-101.

Maheen H, Dharmalingam A.. Social Determinants of Acute Respiratory Infections in Babies and Infants in Pakistan: A Population Based Study. Pak J life Soc Sci. 2014;12(2):57‐63.

Vashishtha VM. Current statuses of tuberculosis and acute respiratory infections in India: Much more needs to be done! Indian Pediatr. 2010;47:88-9.

Chang AB, Masel JP, Boyce NC, Torzillo PJ. Respiratory morbidity in central Australian aboriginal children with alveolar lobar abnormalities. Med J Aust. 2003;178:490-4.

Ugwu GIM, Okperi BO, Chinemelu UCO. Pattern and outcome of presentation at the children emergency unit of a tertiary institution in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria: a one-year prospective study. J Medicine. 2012;13:170-3.

McColley SA, Mortey RE. Update in pediatric lung Disease. Am J Resp Crit Care Med. 2013;188:293-7.

Ezeonu CT, Uneke OJ, Anyanwu OU, Okike CO, Ezeanosike OB, Agumadu HU. The Pattern of Pediatric Respiratory illnesses Admitted in Ebonyi State University Teaching Hospital South-East Nigeria. Ann Med Health Sci Res. 2015;5(1):65-70.

Nizami SQ, Bhutta ZA, Hassan R, Husen YA. Role of chest x-ray in diagnosis of lower respiratory tract infections in children less than five years of age in community. Pak J Med Sci. 2005;21(4):417-21.

Naheed A, Saha SK, Breiman RF, Khatun F, Brooks WA, El Arifeen S et al. Multihospital Surveillance Of Pneumonia Burden among Children Aged less <5 years Hospitalized for Pneumonia in Bangladesh. Clin Infect Dis. 2009;48(2):S82-S89.

Walke SP, Das R, Acharya AS, Pemde HK. Incidence, pattern and severity of acute respiratory infections among infants and toddlers of a peri-Urban Area of Delhi: A 12-Month Prospective study. Int Sch Res Notices. 2014;2014:165152.