DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20173800

Convulsive status epilepticus in children

Hemachitra Jagannathan, Senthilkumar Palanivelu

Abstract


Background: Present study was undertaken to study the clinical profile, immediate outcome and possible risk factors for mortality in children with convulsive status epilepticus, admitted in pediatric intensive care unit in a tertiary care centre.

Methods: This retrospective descriptive study included children between 1 month and 12 years of age admitted in pediatric intensive care unit with convulsive status epilepticus from April 2016 to March 2017. They were evaluated for their clinical presentation, laboratory parameters and immediate outcome.  Data were gathered on 52 patients with convulsive status epilepticus. Factors were analysed using univariate and multivariate analyses.

Results: Among the 52 patients, the observations made were, common age group1-5years (51%), males (63%), wih fever (62%), idiopathic seizures (41.5%), febrile status epilepticus (22.7%) abnormal eeg (9.4%), leuocytosis (54.7%), csf abnormalities (33%), prolonged seizures (33%), need for intubation (31%), shock (29%), mortality (9.4%).

Conclusions: Clinical profile of children with convulsive status epilepticus is described. Presence of shock, need for intubation and prolonged seizures are significantly associated with mortality. 


Keywords


Intubation, Seizures, Status epilepticus

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