DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20172066

The clinical evaluation of the infants of diabetic mothers (IDMS) born in a tertiary care hospital

Mohan Makwana, Jagdish Chand Dabi, Jai Prakash Soni, Ratan Lal Bhati, Harish Kumar Mourya, Yogesh Garg

Abstract


Background: The clinical evaluation of the infants of diabetic mothers (IDMs) born in a tertiary care hospital. It was a prospective study carried out at tertiary care hospital.

Methods: 34 infants born of diabetic mother over the period from January 2012 to December 2012 were included in the study.

Results: Infants born of the diabetic mothers who had suboptimal glycemic control during pregnancy had maximal functional and structural complication. Respiratory Distress was the commonest complication seen in 20 (58.82%) IDMs followed by Hypoglycemia in 15 (44.11%) and congenital anomalies in 16 (47.05%) cases. Septal hypertrophy was the most common cardiac anomaly observed in 6 (17.64%) PDA in 3 (8.82%), only 1 (2.94%) IDM had combination of ASD, Fallot variant and VSD is seen in 2 (5.88%) of infant.

Conclusions: In current study, metabolic and structural complication are more common in the infant of the diabetic mother with poor glycemic control.


Keywords


Glycemic control, Infants of diabetic mothers, Suboptimal optimal, Septal hypertrophy

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