DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20172681

Influencers of childhood over nutrition: a cross sectional study among primary school children in Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Aparajita Dasgupta, Aritra Bhattacharyya, Bobby Paul, Lina Bandyopadhyay

Abstract


Background: Changing trends of dietary habits and lack of physical exercise force the world to face a modern era epidemic obesity which also affects our children counterpart. Childhood obesity is now a challenge of public health to combat with. Prevalence of childhood overnutrition (obesity and overweight) found to be rising in many developing countries including India in recent decades in many studies by different researchers, it is ranging from 2.9% to 14.3%, which makes our youth vulnerable to many life-threatening consequences.

Methods: It was a school based cross sectional study done in primary schools of Barasat among 548 students of 3-11 years of age group. Parental perception towards child eating behaviour were assessed with the help of CEBQ questionnaire.

Results: Among the total 548 students, as per BMI 38% were overweight and obese. Then hierarchical multiple logistic regression revealed that at Step one socio-demographic factors accounted for 16.9% of the variation in overnutrition status. Introducing the responses on selected life style factors in step two and CEBQ responses in final step explained an additional 9.9% and 5% of variation respectively. At all three-level model correctly predicted 62-70.3% of the dependent variables.

Conclusions: The high proportion of over nourished children were found in our study, and this found to be related with parental perception about few lifestyle and child eating behaviour which calls for further research and interventional programme for this alarming topic in this age group. 

 

 


Keywords


Child eating behaviour questionnaire, Child hood obesity, Eating behaviour, Over nutrition, Parental perception

Full Text:

PDF

References


Soni S, Thawani R, Idhate T, Kalra M, MAHAJAN A, Aslami A et al. Research letters. Indian Pediatr. 2016;53(8):741-4.

Zarnowiecki D, Dollman J, Sinn N. A tool for assessing healthy food knowledge in 5-6-year-old Australian children. Public Health Nutri. 2011;14(07):1177-83.

Wardle, J, Guthrie CA, Sanderson, S and Rapoport, L. Development of the Children’s Eating Behaviour Questionnaire. J Child Psychol Psychiatr. 2001;42:963-70.

Sleddens E, Kremers S, Thijs C. The Children's Eating Behaviour Questionnaire: factorial validity and association with Body Mass Index in Dutch children aged 6-7. International J Behav Nutr Physic Activ. 2008;5(1):49.

BMI for boys of 2-5 yrs age. Available at: http://www.who.int/childgrowth/standards/bmi_boys_2_5_zscores.txt.

BMI for girls of 2-5 yrs age. Available at: http://www.who.int/childgrowth/standards/bmi_girls_2_5_zscores.txt

Bmi_girls_perc_WHO2007_exp. Available at http://bmi_girls_perc_WHO2007_exp. Accessed 15 September 2016.

BMI-for-age BOYS 5 to 19 years (z-scores) Available at http://bmifa_boys_5_19years_z. Accessed 15 September 2016.

BMI-for-age GIRLS 5 to 19 years (z-scores). Available at http://bmifa_girls_5_19years_z Accessed 15 September 2016.

Misra A, Shah P, Goel K, Hazra DK, Gupta R, Seth P, et al. The high burden of obesity and abdominal obesity in urban Indian schoolchildren: A multicentric study of 38,296 children. Ann Nutr Metab. 2011;58:203-11.

Raj M, Sundaram KR, Paul M, Deepa AS, Kumar RK. Obesity in Indian children: Time trends and relationship with hypertension. Natl Med J India. 2007;20:288-93.