A rare case of 2, 4-Dichlorphenoxyacetic acid (2, 4-D) poisoning

Authors

  • Sanjay Singla Department of Pediatrics, RNT Medical college, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • Sunny Malvia Department of Pediatrics, RNT Medical college, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • Ram Prakash Bairwa Department of Pediatrics, RNT Medical college, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • Mohammad Asif Department of Pediatrics, RNT Medical college, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India
  • Suresh Goyal Department of Pediatrics, RNT Medical college, Udaipur, Rajasthan, India

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20172701

Keywords:

Alkaline diuresis, Dichlorphenoxyacetic acid, Poisoning

Abstract

2,4-D (2,4-dichlorphenoxyacetic acid) is a selective herbicide which kills broad leaved plants but not grasses. It is not toxic to beneficial insects and has moderate mammalian toxicity. It is used widely in agriculture and forestry as an herbicide in either ester or salt formulation. Human poisoning with 2,4- D is rare and is generally following suicidal ingestion. Here we report a case of 2,4- D poisoning.

References

Environmental health criteria. 2,4-dichlorphenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) 29. Geneva: WHO; 1984.

Beasley VR, Arnold EK, Lovell RA, Parker AJ. 2, 4-D toxicosis. I: A pilot study of 2, 4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid- and dicamba-induced myotonia in experimental dogs, Vet Hum Toxicol. 1991;33(5):435-40.

Garabrant DH, Philbert MA. Review of 2,4-dichlorphenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) epidemiology and toxicity. Crit Rev Toxicol. 2002;32:233-57.

Bradberry SM, Proudfoot AT, Vale JA. Poisoning due to chlorphenoxy herbicides. Toxicol Rev. 2004; 23:65-73.

Flanagan RJ, Meredith TJ, Ruprah M, Onyon LJ, Liddle A. Alkaline diuresis for acute poisoning with chlorphenoxy herbicides and ioxynil. Lancet. 335;454-8.

Durakovic Z, Durakovic A, Durakovic S, Ivanovic D.Poisoning with 2,4-dichlorphenoxyacetic acid treated with haemodialysis. Arch Toxicol. 1992;66:518-21.

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Published

2017-06-21

Issue

Section

Case Reports