DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20171485

Clinical profile and outcome of acute nephritic syndrome in children from a tertiary care centre in south India: a descriptive study

Shemeena Valiyat, Harsha T. Valoor

Abstract


Background: Acute nephritic syndrome (ANS) is major cause of morbidity in developing countries. This study is an attempt to evaluate the clinical characteristics, complications and outcome of acute nephritic syndrome.

Methods:This hospital based descriptive study was conducted at a tertiary care hospital in Kerala, South India. 103 children with ANS were analysed. Detailed clinical examination and relevant laboratory investigations were done. These children were followed up for 1 year.

Results: Out of 103 patients studied 64% were male and 36% were female. The peak age group was 6 to 8 years. Skin infection was the most common predisposing condition (68.9%). Hypertension was present in 60.1% of patients. 26.2% of patients developed complications. Of these Acute renal failures was the most commonly encountered complication (18.4%). Proteinuria (87.4%) and microscopic hematuria (80.6%) were the most consistent features.  82.5 % patients had low C3 at the time of diagnosis. Majority of patients with low C3 level had positive ASO titre. (p = 0.014). At 3month follow up C3 became normal in 95.2% of patients. At 3 months’ majority of patients with normal C3 had incomplete recovery. (p = 0.010). At the end of 12m, microscopic heamaturia was present in 4 patients, persistent hypertension in 2 patients, 11 patients had proteinuria. These patients are kept under long term follow up.

Conclusions:Complications and morbidity is significantly high during the acute phase in ANS. This study highlights the need for long term follow up of these patients. 


Keywords


Acute glomerulonephritis, Acute post streptococcal glomerulonephritis, Complement C3

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