DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18203/2349-3291.ijcp20172663

Profile of medico-legal cases registered at a tertiary care children’s hospital

Shyam Sundar Mina, Srikanta Basu, Virendra Kumar, Deepika Mina

Abstract


Background: The aim of this study was to analyse the patterns, social factors and the clinical outcomes of medico legal cases in Delhi.

Methods: In this study, 238 medico-legal cases were studied at tertiary care centre.

Results: Out of 238 cases studied, 188(79%) were males and 58 (21%) were females and a majority of these cases were from the urban slum areas (53.78%). Majority of the medico-legal cases were due to routine medical examination for fitness of abandoned children’s (26.89%) followed by poisoning (23.10%), trauma (16%), road traffic accident (8%), assault (13.33%). Most of the MLC cases were reported in casualty within 1 hour through PCR police. In this majority of the MLC cases were discharged after treatment (78.99%) and 2 children (4.72%) expired.

Conclusions: This study shows the prevalence of medico-legal cases in a tertiary care hospital. Majority of the cases were males and adolescents. There is an urgent need to focus more on this vulnerable age group. Moreover, there is a need of awareness on the part of treating pediatricians about these medico legal cases and to handle the victims empathetically and at the same time follow the legal procedures diligently as per the law of the land. 

 


Keywords


Assault, Children, Medico-legal cases (MLC), Victim

Full Text:

PDF

References


Reddy KSN, Murthy OP. The Essentials of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. 33rd Ed. Hyderabad, India: K. Sugunadevi; 2014.

Aggarwal A. Textbook of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology. 1st ed. Himachal Pradesh: Avichal Publishing Company; 2014.

Hussaini SN, Kulkarni CS, Batra AK. Profile of medico- legal cases coming to casualty of Government Medical College, Akola. J Forensic Med, Sci Law. 2013;22(2).

Yatoo GH, Jalali S, Malik A, Khan A. Profile and pattern of medico-legal cases attending tertiary care hospital in North India. Int J Med Pharmaceut Sci. 2015;5(5):1-8.

Trangadia MM, Mehta RA, Rada NH, Gupta BD. Profile of medico-legal cases in tertiary care hospital in Jamnagar, Gujarat: Retrospective study of one year. J Res Med Dent Sci. 2014;2(4):57-62.

Krug EG, Dahlberg LL, Mercy JA, Zwi AB, Lozano R. World Report on Violence and Health. Geneva: World Health Organisation; 2002.

Merrick J, Kandel I, Omar HA. Adolescence, violence, and public health. Frontiers in Public Health. 2013;1(32):1-2.

Gupta I, Mitra A. Basic amenities and health in urban India. Natl Med J India. 2002;15(1):26-31.

Dutta AK, Seth A, Goyal PK, Aggarwal V, Mittal SK, Sharma R et al. Poisoning in children: Indian scenario. Indian J Pediatr. 1998;65(3):365-70.

Jose A, Sivanandam S, Matthai J. Poisoning in Children from an educationally and economically advanced urban area of South India. Asian J Epidemiol. 2012;5(4):123-9.

Raju K, Hemanth Raj MN. Profile of medico-legal cases at tertiary care centre. International Journal of Recent Trends Sci Technol. 2015;15(1):68-70.