Published: 2021-08-23

Infant with infantile spasms: early intervention improves neurodevelopmental outcome

Rajeshwari Narayanan, Aparna Gilbert, Savitha Arunachalam


Tuberous sclerosis complex is a multisystem genetic disorder with characteristic skin lesions and variable neurological manifestations like seizures, cognitive impairment and autistic spectrum disorder. Epilepsy and infantile spasms during first year of life are risk factors for mental impairment and Autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). In asymptomatic TSC infants, hypsarrhythmia pattern in EEG suggests early treatment with vigabatrin to improve neurodevelopmental outcome. Early recognition of skin lesions by pediatrician is crucial for timely intervention.


Tuberous sclerosis, Ash leaf macules, Hypsarrhythmia, Infantile spasms, Vigabatrin, Neurodevelopmental outcome

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