Correlation of cord blood albumin values with neonatal jaundice in health new-borns: a prospective observational study

Jehangir Allam Bhat, Roshan Ara


Background: The objective of the present study was to investigate the predictability of pathological jaundice on cord blood albumin values.

Methods: It was a prospective observation study conducted in Kurji holy family hospital on 289 healthy new-borns. Babies were divided into two groups. Group A who developed physiological jaundice and group B who developed pathological jaundice. Cord blood albumin was estimated in all new-born who were then followed up-to 5th day of life. Babies who developed jaundice requiring treatment were admitted in NICU for phototherapy. Rest where checked regularly up-to 5th day of life and value recorded on 5th day by estimation of serum albumin.

Results: Incidence of pathological hyperalbuminemia in present study was 11.2%. There was statistically significant correlation between cord blood albumin and development of pathological jaundice. Gender, age, mode of delivery and birth weight has no correlation with cord albumin and the subsequent development of jaundice. Cord blood albumin <3.5mg/dl when compared with subsequent development of jaundice has high specificity (83.92%) and negative predictive value (87.35%). Cord blood value of >2.5mg/dl has high sensitivity (97.06%), specificity (99.22%), Positive predictive value (94.29%) and negative predictive value (99.61%) in predicting future development of pathological jaundice.

Conclusions: The 87.35% negative predictive value in the present study suggests that in healthy term babies (Cord blood albumin ≤3.5mg/dl) cord serum albumin can help to identify those new-borns who are unlikely to require further evaluation and intervention. These new-borns can be discharged with assurance to parents. Babies with CBA level <2.5mg/dl should be followed more frequently. Thus, this study concludes that cord blood total albumin levels reliably predict the occurrence of pathological hyperalbuminemia.


Cord blood serum albumin, Pathological Jaundice, Phototherapy, Physiological jaundice

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