Evaluating the association between iron deficiency and simple febrile seizure in children aged 6 months to 5 years: a case control study

Abhishek Kumar Sharma, Ruchira Sharma


Aim: The aim of our study was to determine association between iron deficiency and simple febrile seizure in children aged 6 months to 5 years.

Methods: Both case and control group were analysed for biochemical tests including complete blood count for measurement of Hb., Hct, MCV, MCH, MCHC and RDW. Peripheral smear used for confirmation of microcytic, hypochromic picture of RBCs and confirmatory test for iron deficiency anaemia by serum ferritin level also included.

Results: 22 out of 50 (44%) cases had iron deficiency anaemia whereas, 10 out of 50 (20%) controls were found to have iron deficiency anaemia. Odds ratio derived from these results was 3.14 (CI 1.29- 7.65, P-0.01).

Conclusions: Screening for iron deficiency should be done in children presenting with simple febrile seizure.


Iron deficiency, Odds ratio, Simple febrile seizure, Serum ferritin

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